What is Solana?

Solana redefines blockchain with speed and low fees, ushering in a new era of crypto efficiency with its unique PoH and DPoS tech.
6 min read
What is Solana?


Solana has emerged as a promising blockchain platform designed to host decentralized and scalable applications. Since its launch in 2020, Solana has gained significant popularity and has been hailed as an "Ethereum killer" due to its impressive transaction processing speed and lower fees. In this comprehensive guide, we will explore the key features, technology, and advantages of Solana, as well as its comparison to Ethereum.

History of Solana

Solana was founded in 2017 by Anatoly Yakovenko, a software developer with a background in distributed systems design. Yakovenko recognized the need for a reliable clock to simplify network synchronization and improve blockchain scalability. This led him to develop a mechanism called proof-of-history (PoH) that utilizes hashed timestamps to verify the occurrence of transactions. Unlike traditional blockchains like Bitcoin and Ethereum, Solana's PoH allows for significantly higher transaction throughput, reaching up to a theoretical peak capacity of 65,000 transactions per second, currently.

The project gained traction in 2018 when Yakovenko recruited a team and rebranded it as Solana. By June of that year, the project had already achieved impressive results, supporting bursts of 250,000 transactions per second on its public test net. Today, Solana has processed over 253 billion transactions at an average cost of $0.00025 per transaction.

Solana's Technology

Solana's design revolves around addressing the performance bottlenecks commonly associated with blockchain software. By implementing a combination of proof-of-history (PoH) and delegated proof-of-stake (DPoS) consensus models, Solana achieves high scalability, security, and decentralization.

Proof-of-History (PoH)

Solana's PoH mechanism utilizes hashed timestamps to provide a trusted source of time for the entire network. This innovative approach ensures that every node in the network can rely on the recorded passage of time, enabling faster and more efficient transaction processing. Unlike traditional blockchains that rely on the local clocks of individual nodes, Solana's PoH adds a layer of security and eliminates the risk of inconsistent message timestamp choices.

Proof of History: How Solana brings time to crypto
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Delegated Proof-of-Stake (DPoS)

In addition to PoH, Solana incorporates a delegated proof-of-stake consensus model to further enhance its performance. DPoS allows validators to verify transactions based on the number of SOL tokens they hold as collateral. This approach eliminates the need for resource-intensive mining processes, resulting in faster and more energy-efficient transaction processing.

Solana vs. Ethereum

Solana and Ethereum are two prominent blockchain platforms with overlapping functionalities. Both platforms support smart contracts and utilize proof-of-stake consensus mechanisms. However, Solana distinguishes itself from Ethereum regarding transaction speed and cost.

Solana's unique combination of PoH and DPoS enables it to process transactions at an impressive speed of over 2,700 transactions per second, with an average cost of $0.00025 per transaction. In contrast, Ethereum's transaction processing speed is limited to fewer than 15 transactions per second, with average transaction fees of around $2.62.

Advantages of Solana

Solana offers several advantages that make it a compelling choice for developers and users alike:


Solana's high transaction throughput and low fees make it highly scalable compared to other blockchain platforms. Its innovative technology allows for the processing of a significantly higher number of transactions per second, making it suitable for applications that require fast and efficient transaction processing.


The combination of PoH and DPoS in Solana ensures a high level of security for the network. The PoH mechanism provides a trusted source of time, eliminating inconsistencies in message timestamp choices. Additionally, the staking of SOL tokens in the DPoS model adds an extra layer of security, as validators are incentivized to act honestly to protect their collateral.

Low Transaction Fees

Solana's transaction fees are significantly lower than those of rival blockchains like Ethereum. With an average cost of $0.00025 per transaction, Solana offers a cost-effective solution for users and developers looking to build decentralized applications without incurring high fees.


Solana's blockchain platform supports a wide range of applications, including decentralized finance (DeFi) and non-fungible tokens (NFTs). Its compatibility with Ethereum's smart contracts allows for easy integration with existing decentralized applications and opens up new possibilities for developers.

How Does Solana Work?

Solana's architecture combines PoH, DPoS, and other innovative technologies to create a high-performance blockchain platform. Here's a step-by-step breakdown of how Solana works:

  1. Proof-of-History (PoH): Solana's PoH mechanism generates hashed timestamps that serve as a trusted source of time for the network. These timestamps are used to order and verify the occurrence of transactions, ensuring consensus across all nodes.
  2. Transaction Validation: Validators, holding SOL tokens as collateral, validate transactions and add them to the blockchain. This process is facilitated by Solana's DPoS consensus model, where validators are selected based on their stake.
  3. Block Production: Validators collaborate in validator clusters to produce blocks. Each validator cluster selects a leader who proposes a block, which other cluster members then validate. This collaborative approach ensures decentralization and enhances the security of the network.
  4. Transaction Confirmation: Once a block is validated, it is added to the blockchain and propagated to other nodes for confirmation. The PoH mechanism guarantees the integrity and chronological order of transactions.
  5. Smart Contract Execution: Solana's blockchain supports smart contracts, which are self-executing contracts with predefined rules. Smart contracts are written in programming languages like Rust or C and can be deployed on the Solana network to automate various processes.
  6. Tokenization: Solana has its own standard for tokenization called SPL Token, similar to Ethereum's ERC-20. This allows developers to create and manage tokens on the Solana network, enabling various use cases such as tokenized assets, decentralized exchanges, and more.

Investing in Solana

As Solana continues to gain popularity and recognition, investing in SOL tokens may be an attractive opportunity for those interested in the blockchain ecosystem. SOL tokens can be traded on major cryptocurrency exchanges such as Coinbase and Kraken.

Before investing in Solana or any other cryptocurrency, it is essential to conduct thorough research and consider speaking with a financial advisor. Cryptocurrencies are highly volatile and carry inherent risks. It is crucial to have a clear understanding of the market and your own risk tolerance before making any investment decisions.

Looking Ahead with Solana

Solana has emerged as a powerful blockchain platform, offering high scalability, low transaction fees, and enhanced security. Its combination of PoH and DPoS technologies enables it to process transactions at an impressive speed, making it a strong competitor to Ethereum.

As Solana continues to evolve and expand its ecosystem, it presents exciting opportunities for developers and users in the world of decentralized applications and digital assets.

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